Terms starting with A
These are commonly used workers’ compensation terms for the Commonwealth of Virginia. The terms are provided by the state worker’s compensation website. They are not legal advice. They’re general and meant to help you understand the terminology.
Alternative Dispute Resolution: Alternative means alternative to a full scale hearing. It’s a way to resolve disputes in a friendlier manner. The most common way to resolve matters through alternative dispute resolution is through a process called mediation. The process is voluntary and confidential. A neutral person (the mediator) works to identify the core issues and tries to resolve disputes through clarification of issues and communication between the two sides.
American Medical Association (AMA): This is a nationwide medical group. The group publishes guidelines which doctors use to determine your level of impairment for your injuries.
Amputation Chart (Form 7): This form is a way for your doctor to show where a body part has been amputated.
Appeal: A process where the losing side asks a higher court to review an adverse decision.
Assertion of Rights: This is a way for claimants to protect their claim so nobody can argue you didn’t start the claim properly, but also lets the state commission know that you’re not requesting any action be taken on the complaint until further notice.
Attending Physician’s Report (Form 6): This form is not mandatory. It is filled out by your family doctor to detail your injuries. It does help everyone understand your injuries.
Average Weekly Wage (AWW): Before determining a worker’s benefits, the amount of income the worker earned on a regular basis is calculated. It’s usually your salary divided by 52 (for 52 weeks).
Award: This is the decision by the Virginia Worker’s Compensation Act which allows or denies benefits. If benefits are allowed, the amount and length of benefits is set forth in the award.
Award Agreement (Agreement to Pay Benefits – Form 4): This is similar to an award except that it is usually based on an agreement between the worker and the insurance company/employer.
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